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Booysen presents some interesting theories, some of which are:
Thera and The Exodus is not written like a story, but is worth reading for a very well researched account of a possible explanation of the Exodus.The following is the criteria I used to give the book its overall rating:(pg 4)
• "Two Exodus events took place; the first when Ahmose [ruler of Upper Egypt] overpowered the Hyksos ancestors of the Israelites] throughout Egypt except in Avaris, the Hyksos capital, from where the inhabitants of the city managed to escape to Canaan. The second Exodus occurred roughly 200 years later when the Hyksos originally taken captive by Ahmose in the other parts of Egypt and possibly later by Tuthmosis III in Canaan, left Egypt under the leadership of Moses."
• "The biblical plagues of Egypt can be linked to the after-effects of the eruption of [a volcano on the Island of Santorini, known in ancient times as] Thera."
• "The Pharaoh of the Oppression was Amenhotep III, while his son Akhenaten was the Pharaoh of the Exodus whom Moses confronted."
• "The biblical Moses is [the] Crown Prince Tuthmosis, the firstborn son of Amenhotep III."
• "In a desperate attempt to bring an end to the plague, Amenhotep III, on the advice of his oracle also called Amenhotep, issued a decree that all firstborn offspring in Egypt should be sacrificed in the fire. Prince Tuthmosis (Moses) was the first in line to be sacrificed, but was saved from the fire in the nick of time."
• "Moses led a violent and successful rebellion against his father. His army consisted of the enslaved Hyksos captives and those Egyptians affected by the plague. Moses was assisted by an army of the Hyksos nation that had escaped Ahmose 200 years earlier to settle in Jerusalem."
- 1. What was the book’s purpose and did it achieve it? (4/4)
The author goes into extensive analysis, focusing very heavily on Egyptology and linguistic analysis, as well as historical accounts of the various players in the exodus as described by the Bible, Koran and various non-religious historical documents of the time--and pieces together all the information to draw several conclusions--finally presenting evidence which suggests (among other things) that Moses was Prince Tuthmosis, and the plagues were really the result of the volcanic eruptions of Thera. His argument is compelling and very detailed.(Pg 2) “The purpose of this treatise is to link together the numerous legends about the Exodus in an attempt to reconstruct the actual events of the Exodus, whatever they may be...In this treatise I will endeavour to prove that the fate of the Israeli nation was determined by not one but possibly up to three eruptions of Thera. The final eruption and the subsequent sequence of events occurred at a time when Egypt was the most dominant nation in the Middle East, and the chaos that ensued reverberated throughout the civilized world of that era. Numerous legends survived that will all be shown to be linked to the calamity that befell Egypt and nearly caused its total annihilation.”
2.Was it interesting? (Writing/Style) (2/4)
This was unfortunately one of the weaker points of the book. Though the subject matter is fascinating, and the author’s hypothesis is unique and interesting, my enjoyment of this wonderfully researched and interesting claim regarding the possible real-life events of the exodus was somewhat hindered by the dry narrative and very academic, bullet-point delivery.
The style of writing suggests that it was only written for scholars already well-versed in the subject; but there were extensive descriptions for the benefit of the lay-person, and the content seems to have been written for anyone holding a passing interest in the subject. For this reason, it should have also, in my opinion, been written in a style that would hold a lay-person’s attention. Pure intrigue at the premise of this book’s hypothesis will not be sufficient for the average person to keep reading. In my opinion it would be a waste for all of this research and effort to be limited only to an audience that has the capacity to read through very dry material.
3.Was it original? (4/4)
The author presented a very unique argument; and where he agreed with other scholars or historians, he was diligent in using references.
4.Was it organized (grammar/structure/theme)? (3/4)
The book is laid out into several sections and subsections which follow a logical order, in that one point and chapter leads into the next, providing background to support the author’s conclusions. However, since so much information is presented, it was a little difficult to keep track of all the facts, which were given very rapidly. As I read the final few chapters, the focus did seem to come together, but during reading, I often found myself losing track of why certain points were being discussed, and how they related to the overall conclusion; having to re-read several times, as I tried to remember all the information presented in quick succession.
Though this may have been a result of the writing and style rather than organization; in my opinion, it would be worth getting the book edited a little further so that it is organized in a way that is clearer and easier to follow, even if it means that it might have to be divided into two or three volumes.
The author tries his best to present the information in the most helpful manner, including supplements of maps and lists of key points. However, there were so many different accounts of the same events, and so many different names for the same people—that after a while it was difficult to keep track of who was who, and for ease of reading it would have been better if instead of several bullet points at the end of almost every section, there had been another method to bind all the information together in a way that was a little easier to follow.
5.Was it well researched? (4/4)
Gradually and painstakingly, the author presented all his research and linked his points together. It was very evident how much effort and research had gone into the formation of his theory. Booysen researched Egyptology, linguistics, several religious and non-religious historical documents, as well as volcano science-- and included a full list of sources filling several pages in the back of the book. Like a true scientist, the author explained his assumptions, listed his references, and drew his conclusions—opening up his hypothesis to other scholars in the area either to challenge his theory or to be inspired to ask their own questions in the field.
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